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Milky Way Photography for Beginners: Exploring Our Galactic Core


The Milky Way, a magnificent spiral galaxy, has captivated human beings for centuries. With its awe-inspiring beauty and mystique, the Milky Way serves as a perfect subject for photography enthusiasts. In this beginner's guide to Milky Way photography, we will delve into the wonders of our galaxy, our position within it, and how to capture the mesmerising galactic core through the lens of your camera.

milky way
Milky Way at Climping Beach

The Milky Way:

Our Home Galaxy: The Milky Way is a barred spiral galaxy that spans approximately 100,000 light-years in diameter. We reside within its vast expanse, orbiting around the galactic centre. Understanding some key aspects of the Milky Way will enhance your appreciation for and ability to photograph its celestial wonders.

Our Position within the Milky Way: We are located in the Orion Arm, sometimes referred to as the Local Arm or the Orion-Cygnus Arm, about 27,000 light-years from the galactic core. Visualising our position within the Milky Way helps to comprehend the staggering scale of our galaxy and the sheer number of stars it contains.

Durdle Door Milky Way
Milky Way over Durdle Door

The Galactic Core:

The Heart of the Milky Way: The galactic core is the central region of the Milky Way, and it holds immense allure for astrophotographers. This region is densely populated with stars, dust clouds, and various astronomical phenomena. Capturing its grandeur requires understanding and planning.

Visibility in the Northern Hemisphere: In the Northern Hemisphere, including the UK, the galactic core becomes visible during specific months and times of the year. The optimal viewing period typically falls between March and September. During this time, the Milky Way's galactic core rises above the horizon, providing an incredible opportunity for photographers to capture its magnificence.

Getting the shot and What can affect your image!

milky way and light painting
Milky Way at Bratley View

Dark Sky Site:

Essential for Capturing the Galactic Core: To photograph the galactic core, finding a location with minimal light pollution is paramount. In the UK, seeking out areas far away from urban centres, such as national parks, south coastal areas away from cities or rural countryside, will increase your chances of witnessing the full splendor of the Milky Way's galactic core.

Clear Nights and Moon Phases: Clear, moonless nights with minimal cloud cover offer the best conditions for Milky Way photography. Moon phases play a crucial role as well. Planning your shoot during a new moon or a crescent moon phase will ensure that the moonlight does not overpower the fainter details of the galactic core.

Optimising Visibility with Seasonal Considerations: While the galactic core becomes visible in the UK between March and September, there are variations within this timeframe. It is worth noting that the core's visibility tends to improve as the months progress. Late spring and summer months, particularly from May to July, often provide the clearest and darkest skies for capturing stunning images of the galactic core.

Difficulties with Shorter Nights and Moon Phases: As the months progress from March through to July in the UK, the nights gradually become shorter. This poses a challenge for Milky Way photography enthusiasts, as the available darkness for capturing the galactic core diminishes.

Limited Window of Opportunity: During some months, moon phases can further restrict the time available to photograph the galactic core. A full moon can flood the night sky with its bright light, obscuring the fainter details of the Milky Way. As a result, you might find yourself with just a narrow window of opportunity, sometimes as short as an hour or two during a moonless night, to capture the visible galactic core.

Planning and Timing: To overcome these difficulties, meticulous planning and timing become crucial. Research the moon phases for your desired months of Milky Way photography. Look for nights when the moon sets early or doesn't rise until after the optimal time for galactic core visibility.

Optimising the Short Timeframe: When you have a limited window to photograph the galactic core, it becomes even more important to optimise your shooting conditions and techniques. Make sure you arrive at your chosen location well in advance to set up your equipment quickly and efficiently. Plan your compositions beforehand and be ready to start shooting as soon as the galactic core rises above the horizon.

What Gear to use:

Camera Gear and Settings:

  • Camera: A DSLR or mirrorless camera with manual settings and interchangeable lenses is ideal for Milky Way photography.

  • Lens: Wide-angle lenses with low focal lengths (around 14-24mm) allow you to capture more of the night sky.

  • Tripod: A sturdy tripod is essential to keep your camera steady during long exposure shots.

  • Settings: Use a wide aperture (low f-stop), a longer exposure time (typically 20-30 seconds), and a high ISO (3200 - 6400) to capture the Milky Way's details.

Composition and Techniques:

  • Framing: Compose your shot by including interesting foreground elements, such as trees, mountains, or structures, to create a captivating contrast with the galactic core.

  • Focusing: Set your lens to manual focus and use the live view mode to focus on a bright star or distant light source.

PhotoPills App Planner Page
PhotoPills App Pplanner Page

Utilising PhotoPills App for Planning and Preparation:

When it comes to planning and preparing for Milky Way photography, the PhotoPills app can be an invaluable tool. This powerful app provides a range of features designed specifically for photographers, allowing them to make the most out of their Milky Way shooting opportunities.

Planner Feature: Precise Location and Time Information: One of the standout features of PhotoPills is its Planner tool. With the Planner, photographers can input their specific location and desired shooting date, and the app provides detailed information on the position of the Milky Way at that time and place. It displays a visual representation of the Milky Way's path across the sky, helping photographers determine the optimal composition and framing for their shots.

Galactic Core Visibility:

Planning for the Best Moments: Using the Planner feature, photographers can identify the dates and times when the galactic core is most visible in their specific location. This allows them to plan their shoots during the period when the galactic core is at its most captivating, maximising their chances of capturing stunning images.

Moon Information: Managing Moon Phases and Lighting Conditions: PhotoPills also provides comprehensive moon information, including moonrise and moonset times, moon phase details, and moonlight intensity. This data is invaluable for photographers aiming to avoid the interference of moonlight and capture the Milky Way's faint details. By knowing the moon's position and intensity during their chosen shooting time, photographers can plan accordingly and choose nights with minimal moonlight.

Augmented Reality Viewer:

Visualising Compositions: The PhotoPills app offers an Augmented Reality (AR) Viewer that overlays the Milky Way's position and path onto the real-time view through your device's camera. This feature allows photographers to visualise the Milky Way's position in the actual landscape, helping them pre-visualise and compose their shots effectively.

By utilising the PhotoPills app's Planner, photographers can take full advantage of its precise location and time information, making informed decisions about when and where to capture the galactic core. Additionally, the moon information and AR Viewer enhance the planning process, enabling photographers to manage moon phases, choose optimal shooting nights, and visualise their compositions.

Whether you're a beginner or an experienced Milky Way photographer, integrating PhotoPills into your planning and preparation process can significantly enhance your chances of capturing breathtaking images of the galactic core.

There may be a cost to download and use this app - Andy Hornby Photography is not endorsed or paid by the app developer.


Milky Way photography is an exciting and rewarding endeavour, allowing us to capture the breathtaking beauty of our galactic core. However, it comes with its share of challenges, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere, such as the UK. Understanding and overcoming these difficulties is crucial to maximising your chances of successfully photographing the Milky Way's galactic core.

First, the limited visibility window poses a challenge as the nights become shorter. As the months progress from March to September, the available darkness diminishes, leaving photographers with a narrower timeframe to capture the galactic core's splendor. It requires careful planning and timing to make the most of the available darkness.

Additionally, moon phases further complicate Milky Way photography. The presence of a full moon can flood the night sky with bright light, obscuring the faint details of the Milky Way. This means that photographers need to identify moonless nights or times when the moon sets early, ensuring optimal conditions for capturing the galactic core.

To overcome these challenges, photographers must plan meticulously. Research moon phases and identify nights when the moon's interference is minimal. Arriving at the shooting location well in advance and being prepared to start shooting as soon as the galactic core rises above the horizon becomes crucial, considering the limited time window available.

It's essential to optimize every moment during these shorter nights and make the most of the available opportunities. Setting up equipment efficiently, planning compositions beforehand, and embracing creative alternatives when necessary can help overcome the constraints imposed by time and moon phases.

While the difficulties of Milky Way photography in the Northern Hemisphere, like the UK, are undeniable, they should not deter your passion for capturing the galactic core. By understanding the challenges, planning meticulously, and adapting your techniques, you can still achieve stunning results. Embrace the magic of the night sky and the unique opportunities it presents.

With patience, perseverance, and a touch of creativity, you'll be able to capture awe-inspiring images of the Milky Way's galactic core that will leave viewers in awe.

So, prepare your gear, plan your shoots, and venture out into the darkness to witness the wonders of the galactic core. Happy photographing!

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